Dating sex Lyngby-Taarbæk
The Roskilde bishops owned large areas of land in the region including, from 1186, Havn on the Øresund which later became Copenhagen.
By the time of the Danish Reformation in 1536, there were 12 churches and five monasteries in the city.
As a result of Absalon's influence, many other churches were built in the vicinity, making Roskilde the most important town in Zealand.
Among the city's notable citizens are Absalon, the bishop who founded Copenhagen in the 12th century, L. Ring, the symbolist painter who gained fame in the 1880s, the writer Lise Nørgaard who wrote the popular Danish TV series Matador in 1978 and the rower Thomas Ebert who became an Olympic gold medallist in 2004.
Roskilde, which developed as the hub of the Viking land and sea trade routes over a thousand years ago, is one of Denmark's oldest cities.
From the 11th century until 1443, it was the capital of Denmark.
Industries began to move out of the harbour area but were still the largest source of employment, thanks in part to the spirits factory (De Danske Spritfabrikker) and the slaughterhouse (Roskilde Andelssvineslagteri).
In the 1970s, the city benefited from the Holbæk Motorway which linked it to Copenhagen and the establishment of Roskilde University in 1972.